SRP will be handed out for any corp level events such as home defense, roaming fleets, or CTAs.
To claim a SRP. Fill out a request on the auth services.
To do so, click on Ship Replacement. There should be a fleet name with a Fleet SRP code. Click on the fleet SRP code then link your zKillboard loss. An FC will SRP you the amount dictated. Typically it is the worth of the ship, minus insurance.
SRP will only be handed to those that have purchased fleet ships on their own accord.